Trees of Tanzania

This page provides a basic taxonomic reference covering the some of the valuable and commonly used trees in south-eastern Tanzania, for both timber and non-timber products. These comprise 27 tree species, which are listed alphabetically in the table below, first by family (and sub-family, where applicable) then by their scientific species name. The English and vernacular names are also provided. Click on the species to find out more about them.

Trees commonly found in the same forests as mpingo
FamilyScientific NameEnglish NameLocal NamesTimber Quality
AnacardiaceaeSclerocarya birreaAmarulaMgongo
BombaceaeAdansonia digitataBaobabMbuyu
Bombax rhodognaphalonWild KapokMsufi, msufi poriGood (Class I)
CombretaceaeCombretum imberbeLeadwoodMhamaGood (Class I)
Fabaceae (Caesalpinoideae)Afzelia quanzensisSpectacle case treeMkongo, mbambakofiGood (Class I)
Bauhinia petersianaOrchid treeMsekese
Bobgunnia madagascariensisPaurosaMsekesekeGood (Class I)
Brachystegia boehmiiOk (Class II)
Brachystegia longifoliaMiomboOk (Class II)
Brachystegia spiciformisMtondoOk (Class II)
Cordyla africanaAfrican mangoMndundu
Hymenaea verrucosaGum or Zanzibar copalMnangu, mtandarusi
Julbernardia globifloraMchenga, mtondoro, mtondooGood (Class I)
Tamarindus indicaTamarindMkwajuOk but little used
Fabaceae (Mimosoideae)Acacia nigrescensKnob thornMsenjele, mng'enjeleOk (Class II)
Acacia nilotica
Fabaceae (Papilionoideae)Dalbergia melanoxylonAfrican blackwoodMpingoHighly prized (Class I)
Millettia stuhlmanniiMpangapanga, mnyamaweziExcellent (Class I)
Pterocarpus angolensisBloodwood or Wild teakMninga, mninga jangwa, mtumbatiExcellent (Class I)
Pterocarpus tinctoriusMninga maji, mninga bondi, mtumbati bondiExcellent (Class I)
MeliaceaeKhaya anthothecaAfrican mahoganyMkangaziExcellent (Class I)
Milicia excelsaAfrican teakMvule, irokoExcellent (Class I)
Sterculiaceae

Sterculia africanaTick treeMhozya
Sterculia appendiculataMkunya, mkude
Sterculia quinquilobaEgyptian plane treeMlipadeni, mwembeti
Ok (Class II)
VerbenaceaeVitex donianaAfrican plumMfuru